Skills and labour markets

Skills review and gap analysis

A gap analysis is a simple technique to determine how skills development moves from its current state to its desired future state: how do we get from where we are to where we want to be? This will involve a critical review of current training programmes and the skills they are designed to generate against the labour market demands in the sector and addressing a series of questions: what adaptations to existing training provision are required? What new programmes might be required? How are existing programmes adapted to be competence-based and to be recognised for inclusion in the Pakistan National Vocational Qualifications Framework? Are there constraints to be dealt with to develop mew programmes and enhance their delivery? What interventions can be made that will have the greatest impact?

This analysis has two key elements:

  • A critical review of the skills needs confirmed by employers and current training provision, assessed in terms of scale, range, quality and relevance;
  • An audit of new competence-based training programmes under development.

Labour market trends

The development of labour market information will include:

  • Collecting data about employers, by number and size; employees by age gender, occupation and education levels;
  • Gathering information about recruitment and retention; training and human resource development practices;
  • Analysing information about vacancies, hard-to-fill jobs and skill shortages;
  • Collecting and analysing information about training provision, programmes, TVET providers and their effectiveness.

Information will be provided about specific sector issues – performance, prospects for growth and specific developments, perhaps based on government economic and social strategies. The responsibility of a Sector Skills Council is not simply to collect and analyse data, however. The information that is collected requires interpretation to identify:

  • Skills needs – competences that may be lacking, are in short supply or that need to be anticipated to meet future demand;
  • Skills priorities – those skills that the sector requires in the short, medium and long-term.